It is most commonly believed that trafficking only occurs for sexual exploitation or for forced labor, trafficking, in fact, it takes place in many other forms such as trafficking for organ trade among others. In most parts of the world, laws specifically ban the sale of organs. In countries such as the U.S, a market has emerged for illegal trafficking and trade of organs due to the high demand of organs and long waiting lists. Most people thought that black market organ trade was a myth until recent evidence proved that it is starting to become a growing problem. Organ trafficking occurs in a couple of ways. Firstly, there are cases where people use force or trick the victims into giving up an organ. Secondly, there are cases where victims agree to sell an organ, and end up not being paid fully or at all. Thirdly, vulnerable people are treated for disease which sometimes doesn’t exist and their organ is removed without them knowing. Children sold into sexual slavery sometimes have their organs sold. And there are those in the ghetto who give up their tissues, a piece of their liver, or their kidney, just to get their hands on a few hundred dollars.
Nowadays, there is a high demand in the U.S for organ transplants, in the year 2016, U.S doctors performed 33,606 organ transplants, an 8.5 percent increase over the 2015 total and an increase of 19.8 percent since 2012. The main reason there has been a major demand for organ trade on the black market, is that right now there is a waiting list that features more than 80,000 people waiting for an organ donor. “In the United States, a new person is added to the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) list every 10 minutes,” UNOS spokesperson told National Geographic News. With so many patients needing transplants and others not very willing to donate organs, the waiting list is extremely long. According to UNOS data, about twenty people die each day while waiting for a transplant. With some cases patients might not have enough time to wait for a donor legally or else they will die, so their only option is the black market. Even though there is a waiting list for organs, favoritism does occur, and money can get someone moved up on the list really quickly.