Lee ( 2006 ) studied the reaction to cardinal and non-fundamental information utilizing the one-year DJIA and the S & A ; P 400 industrial index. The DJIA was observed from 1920 to 1999 and the S & A ; P was observed from 1946 to 1999. The chief findings included an overreaction to non cardinal information and an initial under reaction to cardinal information such as dividend, book value and net incomes and no important reversal in the long term clip skyline. Furthermore, the survey resulted in the find of the fact that the residuary income theoretical account is a better rating method compared to the dividend price reduction theoretical account.
Docking and Koch ( 2005 ) have investigated the reactions of investors when faced with fluctuations in dividends. In other words, whether additions or lessenings in dividends cause any alterations in stock monetary values and it was observed that when there are normal or extremely volatile market returns so increases in dividends tend to take to greater additions in stock monetary values, however such a tendency lacks statistical significance. Furthermore, when there is increasing or extremely volatile market returns, decreasing dividends would take to a autumn in stock monetary values.
Jang et Al ( 2010 ) have examined the impact of book value and net incomes on a sample of 142 houses listed on the Korean Stock Exchange for a period of 20 old ages ( 1981-2000 ) . The survey ‘s chief findings include the fact that the overall value relevancy of both book value and net incomes have increased over the 20 old ages under consideration. Indeed, the incremental explanatory power of book value has increased, while that of net incomes has decreased, and eventually the value relevancy of book value is higher for the smaller houses and those houses with negative net incomes.
Al-Tamimi ( 2007 ) investigated the impact of company fundamentals- such as public presentation of the company, alterations in the board of managers, creative activity of new assets, dividends and earnings- and external factors -such as authorities regulations and ordinances, rising prices, investor behaviour, market conditions, money supply and competition -on stock monetary values. A arrested development theoretical account analysing the relationship between the dependent variables ( EPS, DPS, oil monetary value, GDP, CPI, money supply and involvement rate ) and the independent variable ( Stock monetary value ) was carried out. The chief findings were: the cardinal factors have a greater important impact on stock monetary values when compared with external factors and EPS has the most important impact.
The probe into the relationship between macroeconomic factors and stock monetary values was instigated by Tsoukalas ( 2003 ) in the Cyprus ‘ stock market. The survey was carried out from 1975 to 1998 and the vector autoregressive theoretical account ( VAR ) was used for analysis. Meanwhile, the macroeconomic factors under consideration in this survey were exchange rate, industrial production, money supply and consumer monetary values. The chief findings indicate that there is a strong relationship between stock monetary values and the aforesaid macroeconomic factors. The strong relationship between the exchange rate and stock monetary values was expected due to the fact that the Cypriot economic system is service based ( touristry and off-shore banking ) .
The scrutiny of the relationship between rising prices, industrial production and stock monetary values was carried out by Zhao ( 1999 ) . Indeed, the survey was carried out over a period of about 5 old ages from January 1993 to March 1998 and made usage of monthly values from the Chinese economic system. The chief findings from the survey include a important but negative relationship between rising prices and stock monetary values and a similar relationship between stock monetary values and industrial production.
A complex survey analyzing the long term relationship between certain macroeconomic variables such as existent end product, aggregative monetary value degree, money supply and exchange rate and the Malayan Equity Market every bit good as certain major equity markets in USA and Japan was initiated by Ibrahim ( 2003 ) . The survey resulted in: a important negative relationship between stock monetary values and exchange rates. On the other manus a positive relationship was observed between stock monetary values and money supply, consumer monetary value index and industrial production.
Determinant OF Share PRICES
AL-Shubiri ( 2010 ) examined the relationship between microeconomic factors and stock monetary value through a sample survey that included 14 commercial Bankss of the Amman Stock Exchange for the period 2005-2008. A simple and multiple arrested development analysis was conducted and the chief findings include: important but negative relationship on rising prices and lending involvement rate. However, the relationship between stock monetary values and involvement rate was at times undistinguished. On the other manus, a important and positive relationship between market monetary value of stock and net plus value per portion ; market monetary value of stock dividend per centum gross domestic merchandise was observed.
Gill, Biger and Mathur ( 2012 ) have studied the variables that may explicate the discrepancy in equity portion monetary values of a sample of 333 listed houses of the NYSE for a period of 3 old ages from 2009 to 2011. The internationalism of the house, book value per portion, dichotomy of the CEO, EPS, P/E ratio and eventually dividend per portion are the factors that have been used through a co-relational and non-experimental research design to set up a relationship between these factors and stock monetary values of American listed houses. When it comes to fabrication and service houses it was observed that the equity monetary values ‘ discrepancy could be explained by: the internationalism of the house, the CEO dichotomy, EPS, house size, P/E ratio, dividend coverage ratio and dividend per portion.
Sharma ( 2011 ) investigated the empirical relationship between equity portion monetary values and book value per portion, dividend per portion, gaining per portion, monetary value net incomes ratio, dividend output, dividend payout, size in footings of sale and net worth from a sample of 115 listed companies. The survey took topographic point from 1993 to 1994 and from 2008 to 2009. Furthermore, correlativity and a additive multiple arrested development theoretical accounts have been selected to mensurate the person every bit good as combined effects of explanatory variables on the depended variables. The consequences revealed that gaining per portion, dividend per portion and book value per portion has important impact on the market monetary value of portion. Further, consequences of survey indicated that dividend per portion and net incomes per portion were the strongest determiners of market monetary value.
Khan ( 2009 ) investigated the different determiners of portion monetary values and the relationship of these determiners with theshare monetary values of Karachi Stock Exchange ( KSE ) 100 index of Pakistan from 2000 to 2009. A additive multiple arrested development theoretical account and a correlational theoretical account was used and the consequences show that the 5 quantitative determiners, viz. Book to Market ( B/M ) ratio, Price Earning ( P/E ) ratio, Dividend, Gross Domestic Product ( GDP ) and Interest Rate that were selected have positive and important relationship with portion monetary values except Interest rate and B/M ratio. Indeed the B/M ratio and involvement rate were found to be negatively related to portion monetary values.
Oyama ( 1997 ) used the revised dividend price reduction theoretical account, error-correction theoretical account, and multi-factor return-generating theoretical account to analyze the relationship between stock monetary values and macroeconomic variables in Zimbabwe. 17 Individual stocks listed since January 1992 represented the sample under consideration. The consequences show that the relationship between the E/P ratio of the ZSE and other return rates in the Zimbabwe economic system has experienced several alterations since the beginning of the 1990s. In add-on, the convergence of hazard resulted in a important addition in stock monetary values in 1993 and 1994. The ECM theoretical account indicates that the relationship between stock returns, money growing and the Treasury Bill rate has been rather stable since 1991 except during the period of partial capital market liberalisation. Last, the analysis on single stock returns indicates that the ZSE assimilates alterations in some of import macro-variables rather systematically ; however, the parts of these macro-variables could non explicate the volatile up and down motions of stock returns during the late 1993-94 period.