Architectural History and Theory

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University of New South Wales Faculty of the Built Environment Semester 2, 2011 ARCH 1222 Architectural History and Theory 2 Assignment 1 Lei LIU Student number: 3294390 1. Immigration Immigration is a citizen of a country through a variety of different ways to other countries or areas for permanent residence, which is settled. Population across the country to settle abroad is an international boundary flow behavior of this population movement is also known as migration or international migration. 1] This broad and narrow could see the two concepts. Broad immigration standpoint, as long as the change in the place of residence, is regarded as emigrated. In legal terms, some countries of immigrants mainly refers to refers to the countries with the countries of immigration mainly refers to foreigners. Because some smaller countries, their internal migration, the significance is not great. Some countries also paying more attention to the legal concept whereby lived in one place how much time this will be recognized as immigrants.
Clearly, migrants and mobile populations are different. Migrants can refer to a local tourism, medical treatment, job, business; these can be considered. [2] However, there exists more emphasis on immigrants living situation. For example, the last census in our country in a bar where people have lived for six months and be registered shows a floating population. Narrow immigrants, generally designated home. Emphasis on immigration and the general difference between the floating populations has a special significance.
Floating population in general is unstable, there are only temporary. But immigrants are either narrowly or broadly stable. For immigrants moved into the settlement will have a certain sense of belonging, and migrants may not be. Floating population on the local environment and culture conditions used or not is not very important, as long as you can to achieve their own ends. As immigrants, must be the local language, culture, adapt to them. Of course, that also has its own completely bad, to find a way to interfere with it, change it.
In this case, if the move themselves relatively strong, he would use the more advanced culture, they think to be modified to create a new culture. From overseas countries, different nationalities and generations of immigrants into the New York, where the collision of different cultures, to absorb, sublimation, in the long-term health Continue to live in the competition, fusion, identity, the formation of a specific New York urban characteristics.
A building is a building, and two buildings is the urban landscape , the building is huge outdoor museum, reflecting the different historical stages of urban development of material civilization and culture: on the one hand, construction techniques and materials by specific productivity levels and living standards of the constraints; the other hand, building type, style, content and other times they will inevitably be personal factors, and the architect of urban architecture and other historical relics, like even more intuitive than their record of social development and track the evolution of civilization, and thus should be viewed as a milestone in the evolution of the city. [pic] Figure 1 Graduate Center, Harvard University, Cambridge. 2. Integration Cultural integration refers to the external and internal cultural characteristics of different cultures with each other through contacts, exchanges, and thus mutual absorption, penetration, integration process. Cultural integration is one of the ways cultural adjustments.
Refers to two relatively close contact with the culture system, the original cultural system will disappear or change their morphology, resulting in a new kind of cultural system in the process. Building is a microcosm of culture, rich in culture, people affected by the old traditional culture, but also ever-present in the creation of a new culture. [3] Building is to be the impact of this culture and innovative, and in turn promote the cultural development. Blend of cultural collision and the formation of architectural features is an important source of construction holding continued vigorous development. Building is the epitome of a certain period of culture, architecture and overall development. Cultural background is appropriate. [4] In some ways, the building is the cultural.
The condensate, culture is integrated into the function, form and people’s emotions, in that they embodied the scientific combination of theory and technical practices, technology. Technical and artistic unity of the natural and social sciences of the cross, the human and nature of integration, the creation of artificial human nature in the most symbolic results. Architectural culture has material and spiritual levels. [5] Building as a matter obviously is the performance of quality culture for urban, rural, residential areas, production areas, building. Buildings, garden areas, and sketches people directly to the community and the production of raw, such as, live, entertainment, learning, communication services and other activities. [pic] Figure 2
Juith Chafee, Ramada House, Tucson, Arizonna, 1980 Building as a spiritual also has a wealth of meaning; it needs to understand the past, based on the present, security. Row of the future, both for the environment as a real service, but also the continuity of history and the limited nature of the future, for people to create a direct reflection of what the text based on people psychological, physiological how to exert influence. City building is the crystallization of human civilization, the historical record and each movement. Building is the epitome of a certain period of culture, development and construction. The whole cultural background is appropriate. 6] The collision of different cultures is not mutual cross- financial, but also an important source of architectural form. In some ways, building form is the cultural cohesion. The city’s historical and architectural heritage as elements of urban culture, the city formed the main basis of the characteristics. In the history of its formation and development process is inevitably either. The same degree of acceptance of outside influences [pic] Figure 3 Crown Hall, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago. Different times of the building represent different cultures, customs, etc. , and anti- reflect a different era of people’s production technology, materials and lifestyle, we understand the transmission the most intuitive tool for cultural integration.
In the long course of history we cannot return to the past, in addition to recorded in historical literature and history, the building became the people we have studied the production of different periods . The most intuitive way of life, the most powerful research based on the historical context of our heritage, promote traditional and effective way. Architecture is frozen history. Text material from the history books so that we can only imagine thinking up. At that time the national culture, while the construction is different, it makes intuitive sense different. During the production life of, feel different historical and cultural changes, productivity hair development. Human habitat has undergone many changes, in fact, that is because the community was productivity changes and changes in lifestyle caused.
In our study of modern towards the building development, a lot of history books only through lack of understanding the reality of things. [7] So inevitably there will be a variety of errors, so that cultural understanding is not in place. [pic] Figure 4 Glass House, New Canaan, Connecticut 3. Modernization In modern urban construction for buildings positioned constantly updated with modern. Building to replace the old building, or keep the old building and open up new territory to build a modern building. [8] Modern city needs to have a modern architectural style, too many old buildings that may affect. Modernization process, which directly determines the old building go and stay.
Construction is that people use stone, wood and other construction materials to build one for human habitation and use of objects such as houses, bridges, stadiums, temples, and so on. Broadly speaking, the garden is part of the building. In architecture and civil engineering category, is the construction of buildings or building the infrastructure development process. [9] [pic] Figure 5 Seagram Building, New York To the concept of modernism throughout the design process design activities referred to modern design. It is based on modern society, modern life, the project, by the modern marketing, general psychology, human engineering constraints, with a high degree of application of the design activities.
Modern architecture is a strong time period specific to the meaning of the concept, referring to the modern all construction activities, in particular, is building out the impact of classical and Renaissance buildings since the building stage of development. [10] A modern city, always building as a support; and a modern building, always as a strong backing art design. We although located in the mainland, its building development along the far less economically developed Haicheng, can look at our architectural history, can be found, in fact, we feeling the brunt of modern architecture changes. Such as the Three Gorges Dam was the grand blueprint, to achieve, submerged at 175 meters below the Chine-old house, are sufficient to show that we What is happening around today, then the birth of a modern building, it always has the dual nature of technology and art. We see the same building.
But it depends on its shape and decoration is beautiful, but also whether it is a real use, rugged and beautiful unity. [11] As technology and economic development, cities have begun to rapid development. But this rapid development has brought a lot of problem. The construction industry at home and abroad seems a widespread phenomenon – common in the case of the construction area with the world the lack of personality. We can easily find Gaudi, Wright, IM Pei, Venturi so these masters of the letter. Believers, it is true, the master of the long on the top grade, and personality style is obvious, but this style is more personal style. Many of their buildings, in a sense part of the architects themselves, but are not part of the building users.
With the world to further speed up the process of globalization in East and West is cultural exchange and deeper. Global economic integration and the explosive development of Internet technology so that the entire planet into a small global village. And people have become very easy to flow on a global scale, so it leads designers and design style. On a global scale of imitation is easier. Faced with this situation, many designers are tirelessly engaged in this side surface exploration, take a different attempt. [pic] Figure 5 Level House, New York Bibliography Colomina, B, 1996, “Privacy and publicity: modern architecture as mass media”, The MIT Press, vol. 25, no. 1 pp. 9-16.
Colqhoun, A, 1985, “Essays in architectural criticism: modern architecture and historical change”, The MIT Press, vol. 13, no. 1 pp. 27-29. Foed, E R, 1966,“The Details of Modern Architecture”, Cambridge Journals, Vol. 2, no. 1 pp. 14-23. Irvin, H S, 1986, “The Impact of German Immigration on New Orleans Architecture”, The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 25-38. Kapsalis, V, 2003, “Architecture for Web-based services integration”, industrial Electronics Society, Vol. 5, no. 1 pp. 11-16. Ngail, M M, 1924, “The Architecture of Race in American Immigration Law: A Reexamination of the Immigration Act of 1924”, The Journal of American History, vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 67-92.
Puschmann, T, 2004, “Enterprise application integration systems and architecture–the case of the Robert Bosch Group”, Journal of Enterprise Information Management, Vol. 17 Iss: 2, pp. 105 – 116 Szoke, L, 1992,“ Hungarian perspectives on emigration and immigration in the new European architecture”, International Migration Review, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 36-47. Taylor, J T, 2001, “Enterprise application integration systems and architecture–the case of the Robert Bosch Group”, United States Patent, Vol. 3, no. 4 pp. 14-23. Von Moss, S, 1983,“Modern Architecture since 1900”, Art Journal, Vol. 43, no. 2 pp. 4-29. Wasserman, A, 1990, “Tool integration in software engineering environments”, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 1, no. 2 pp. 7-29. Images resources 1. William j, r, Curtis, ‘modern architecture in the u. s. a. : immigration and consolidation’, modern architecture since 1900, 1982, p. 397. 2. William j, r, Curtis, ‘modern architecture in the u. s. a. : immigration and consolidation’, modern architecture since 1900, 1982, p. 637. 3. William j, r, Curtis, ‘modern architecture in the u. s. a. : immigration and consolidation’, modern architecture since 1900, 1982, p. 402. 4. William j, r, Curtis, ‘modern architecture in the u. s. a. : immigration and consolidation’, modern architecture since 1900, 1982, p. 403. 5. William j, r, Curtis, ‘modern architecture in the u. s. . : immigration and consolidation’, modern architecture since 1900, 1982, p. 408. 6. William j, r, Curtis, ‘modern architecture in the u. s. a. : immigration and consolidation’, modern architecture since 1900, 1982, p. 409. ———————– [1] Irvin, H S, 1986, “The Impact of German Immigration on New Orleans Architecture”, The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 25-38. [2] Szoke, L, 1992 y Hungarian perspectives on emigration and immigration in the new ,“ Hungarian perspectives on emigration and immigration in the new European architecture”, International Migration Review, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 36-47. 3] Kapsalis, V, 2003, “Architecture for Web-based services integration”, industrial Electronics Society, Vol. 5, no. 1 pp. 11-16. [4] Ngail, M M, 1924, “The Architecture of Race in American Immigration Law: A Reexamination of the Immigration Act of 1924”, The Journal of American History, vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 67-92. [5] Puschmann, T, 2004, “Enterprise application integration systems and architecture–the case of the Robert Bosch Group”, Journal of Enterprise Information Management, Vol. 17 Iss: 2, pp. 105 – 116 [6] Taylor, J T, 2001, “Enterprise application integration systems and architecture–the case of the Robert Bosch Group”, United States Patent, Vol. 3, no. 4 pp. 14-23. 7] Wasserman, A, 1990, “Tool integration in software engineering environments”, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 1, no. 2 pp. 17-29. [8] Szoke, L, 1992, “Hungarian perspectives on emigration and immigration in the new European architecture”, International Migration Review, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 36-47. [9] Colomina, B, 1996, “Privacy and publicity: modern architecture as mass media”, The MIT Press, vol. 25, no. 1 pp. 9-16. [10] Colqhoun, A, 1985, “Essays in architectural criticism: modern architecture and historical change”, The MIT Press, vol. 13, no. 1 pp. 27-29. [11] Von Moss, S, 1983,“Modern Architecture since 1900”, Art Journal, Vol. 43, no. 2 pp. 4-29.

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